Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
In 1898, the United States provided military assistance to Cuba in order to safeguard its inhabitants and enterprises. The Spanish-American War was the name given to this conflict. The United States declared war on Spain when the Maine, a United States battleship, exploded and sunk off the coast of Cuba on February 15, 1898, while on a visit to Havana.
What factors contributed to the United States becoming a global power during the Spanish American War? Due to the United States’ victory in the Spanish-American War, the country gained possession and/or control of a large number of additional territories. In combination with earlier territorial conquests, this culminated in the establishment of a new far-flung empire. Hawaii became a United States territory in 1895.
When it came to the Cuban Revolution, how did the acts of the Spanish influence American attitudes? The violent actions of the Spanish were condemned by the Americans. The Spanish, in the opinion of many Americans, were taking a fair approach to the Cuban Revolution. When the Spanish agreed to accept assistance in resolving the dispute, the Americans were overjoyed.
More tariffs and trade restrictions were imposed on Cuba in 1895, prompting the country’s economically troubled citizens to initiate the Cuban War of Independence, which was a continuation of the previous conflict. Despite the fact that Maceo had been dead by the time of the American invasion in Cuba in April 1898, the war turned out to be brief and one-sided.
Cuba declared its formal independence from the United States on May 20, 1902, and became known as the Republic of Cuba. According to Cuba’s new constitution, the United States retains the power to meddle in Cuban affairs as well as to regulate the country’s finances and international ties.
The Spanish-American War contributed to the United States’ ascension to the status of international power by establishing the United States’ military supremacy against a European colonial state. Soldiers fighting in the First World War were compelled to construct trenches in order to defend themselves from ― machine gun fire.