There has been a connection for more than five centuries. Cuba had been a colony from 1492 until 1898, when the United States seized control of the country as a result of the Spanish–American War. Many Cubans have ancestors that can trace their lineage back to Spain.
Following Spain’s defeat by U.S. and Cuban forces during the War of 1898, Spain surrendered control over Cuba to the United States. As a result of the conflict, United States soldiers occupied Cuba until 1902, when the United States agreed to enable a new Cuban government to assume complete charge of the country’s affairs.
The open corruption and tyranny that characterized Batista’s tenure culminated to his removal from power in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which went on to establish communist authority under the leadership of Fidel Castro following the coup. Since 1965, the Communist Party of Cuba has been in control of the government.
On January 1, 1959, revolutionary troops headed by Fidel Castro ousted the administration of tyrant Fulgencio Batista, bringing the country to its knees. Two years later, Castro declared that the revolution was Marxist-Leninist in essence. In the course of developing tight ties with the Soviet Union, Cuba became economically separated from its northern neighbor and grew economically isolated from the United States.
• The year is 1897, and the play begins. Although a Cuban triumph appears to be in the cards, the United States intervenes in the conflict anyhow. Shortly later, in 1898, the United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris, which compels Spain to surrender and recognizes Cuba as an independent country.
During the establishing of diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union following the Cuban Revolution of 1959, Cuba grew increasingly reliant on Soviet markets and military assistance, and throughout the Cold War, Cuba was considered a Soviet ally in the region.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, Cuba was designated as a U.S. protectorate from 1898 to 1902, granting the United States a position of economic and political domination over the island that remained even after Cuba obtained nominal independence in 1902. Following the Cuban Revolution in 1959, bilateral relations between the United States and Cuba deteriorated significantly.
Cuba, the largest island in the West Indies and the most populous country in the region, has frequently been criticized for its volatile political past. A number of causes have combined to make the island country one of the poorest countries on the planet, with a considerable section of the people living in poverty as a result of a combination of circumstances.
The security bridge built by Batista in an attempt to quiet political opponents proved to be fairly inadequate. As a young lawyer and activist in the months following the March 1952 revolution, Fidel Castro petitioned for Batista’s removal from power, accusing him of corruption and despotism. Castro was successful in his efforts.
1976–2008: President of the United States. From 1976 to 2008, Fidel Castro was the President of the Republic of Cuba.
Known as the Neocolonial Republic (Spanish: Repblica Neocolonial) in the contemporary Republic of Cuba, the era from 1902 to 1959 is also known as the Free Cuban period by Cuban exiles in the United States (Spanish: Cuba Libre).
In accordance with the idea of “one state – one party,” Cuba has had a socialist political system in place since 1959. Despite the fact that Cuba is considered to be a one-party Communist state, the Cuban nationalist ideology of José Mart is the primary source of influence in the country’s political affairs.