The bilateral ties between the Republic of Cuba and the Kingdom of Spain are referred to as “Cuba–Spain relations.” There has been a connection for more than five centuries. Cuba had been a colony from 1492 until 1898, when the United States seized control of the country as a result of the Spanish–American War.
The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
As a result of the Spanish–American War (1898–1902), Spain withdrew from the island in 1898. After almost three and a half years of continuous US military control, Cuba was granted official independence from the United States in 1902.
In the period 1895-1898, Cuba and the Philippine Islands staged a revolution against the Spanish Empire. However, the Filipinos were unable to achieve independence like their Cuban counterparts. When it came to both cases, it was the intervention of the United States that sealed the outcome.
After being colonized by Spain since the 15th century, it became an American protectorate during the Spanish–American War of 1898. After being conquered by the United States, Cuba acquired nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902.
Cuba, on the other hand, continued to be one of Spain’s two possessions in the New World. (The other was the island of Puerto Rico.) Since the Spaniards initially occupied and colonized the region in 1511, it had been administered from Madrid, as it had been since that time period began.
It was in 1492 that Christopher Columbus discovered an island that had previously been settled by three separate tribes of indigenous people: the Tanos, Ciboneys, and Guanajatabeyes. They were the first Europeans to set foot on Cuba. Scholars currently estimate that there were between 50,000 and 300,000 indigenous people living on the island at the time of the discovery.
Cuba was the destination of almost one-third of the 3.5 million Spaniards who left their homeland between the late 1800s and 1930.
Children were among the Spaniards who were compelled to flee their nation as a result of the civil war, and they were transported overseas for their security. Many war refugees and political exiles fled to Cuba, Mexico, Argentina, and other Latin American nations, where they found sanctuary and opportunity.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
After the inexplicable sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, it appeared increasingly apparent that the United States would intervene militarily in the country. The Spanish government rejected the United States’ ultimatum and severing diplomatic ties with the United States took effect immediately.
During the period 1791-1809, the French colonized Cuba.
Spain was at the height of its might at the time. The Aztecs were defeated by Spanish conquerors commanded by Hernan Cortes, who united with Tlaxcalan tribes to achieve victory. Because of this, the Spanish were victorious, and Mexico has been a Spanish colony ever since.