Long ordered the battleship USS Oregon to sail from Mare Island, California, to join the fleet in the Caribbean, where it is currently stationed. The “West Coast’s lone battleship” sailed from San Francisco around Cape Horn to Key West in early May, completing the 14,500-nautical-mile (26,854-kilometer) trek in 66 days to join the rest of Sampson’s fleet.
What was the reason for the United States government sending the USS Maine to Cuba?
The Battle of Santiago de Cuba (July 3, 1898) was the final naval combat of the Spanish-American War, which took place near Santiago de Cuba, Cuba, and cemented the United States’ triumph over the Spaniards.
In the Havana port on February 15, 1898, an explosion of unknown origin sunk the battleship U.S.S. Maine, killing 266 of the ship’s crew of 354 people. The Maine had been dispatched to Cuba, ostensibly on a goodwill visit, in order to defend the interests of American citizens there following disturbances that erupted in Havana in January.
The assault of Guantánamo Bay begins on June 10th, when 647 United States Marines arrive in Guantánamo Bay to commence the invasion of Cuba. August 12 – Emilio Aguinaldo announces the Philippines to be independent from Spanish rule. The War Revenue Act of 1898 is signed into law by President William McKinley on June 13, 1898.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. Tensions between the United States and Spain had been building for months by the time the year 1898 rolled around.
Following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, the United States declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. The war began on April 25, 1898. The Treaty of Paris, which was signed on December 10, 1898, brought the war to a close.
U.S. soldiers had seized both San Juan Hill and Kettle Hill by the end of the first day of July on July 1. Even though Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders received the most of the credit for the capture of Kettle Hill, the triumph belonged to all of the men who fought their way up the hill, including the 9th and 10th Cavalry.
All of the Spanish ships were destroyed, which provided the justification for the capitulation. The Americans commenced their assault of the city at this point in time. United States artillery stationed on the ridges pummeled the city, while United States forces backed by Cuban insurgents completely cut off all water and food supplies to the city.
When an explosion rocked the Havana port on the night of February 15, 1898, it was just three weeks after the battleship USS Maine had docked for a cordial visit with the Cuban government. Both came at the same fundamental conclusion: that the ship had been destroyed by a magazine explosion that had been caused by an external blast, which they both agreed on.
In March, an official United States Naval Court of Inquiry determined that the ship was blown up by a mine, but did not directly accuse Spain for the disaster. Almost all members of Congress and a majority of the American people were convinced that Spain was culpable and demanded that the United States declare war on the country.
During the Cuban War of Independence, the Maine was dispatched to Havana Harbor to safeguard American interests. On the evening of February 15, 1898, she exploded and sunk, killing 268 sailors, or roughly three-quarters of her crew, in the process. In 1898, a commission of investigation for the United States Navy determined that the ship had been lost by an exterior explosion caused by a mine.
Following Spain’s defeat by U.S. and Cuban forces during the War of 1898, Spain surrendered control over Cuba to the United States. As a result of the conflict, United States soldiers occupied Cuba until 1902, when the United States agreed to enable a new Cuban government to assume complete charge of the country’s affairs.
• The year is 1897, and the play begins. Although a Cuban triumph appears to be in the cards, the United States intervenes in the conflict anyhow. Shortly later, in 1898, the United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris, which compels Spain to surrender and recognizes Cuba as an independent country.
After completing their training in Texas and Florida, the Rough Riders arrived in Cuba on June 22, 1898, without their horses. During the Battle of San Juan Hill, which took place on July 1, 1862, the Rough Riders, under the direction of Lt. Col. Roosevelt, established their mark on the annals of American military operations in South America.