What exactly happened in Cuba during the Spanish-American War?
It was in January 1898 that the battleship USS Maine was dispatched to Havana, Cuba, to protect American interests, despite the fact that the Secretary of the Navy, John D. Long, argued that the ship was just making a courtesy call.
President William McKinley, a native of Ohio, had deployed the USS Maine to Cuba, ostensibly to safeguard American people living in the country in the event of a war between the Spanish and the Cuban governments. In February 1898, an explosion aboard the USS Maine resulted in the deaths of 260 American troops.
The battleship United States of America was sunk on February 15, 1898, by an explosion of unknown origin. The Maine had been dispatched to Cuba, ostensibly on a goodwill visit, in order to defend the interests of American citizens there following disturbances that erupted in Havana in January.
The assault of Guantánamo Bay begins on June 10th, when 647 United States Marines arrive in Guantánamo Bay to commence the invasion of Cuba. August 12 – Emilio Aguinaldo announces the Philippines to be independent from Spanish rule. The War Revenue Act of 1898 is signed into law by President William McKinley on June 13, 1898.
When an explosion rocked the Havana port on the night of February 15, 1898, it was just three weeks after the battleship USS Maine had docked for a cordial visit with the Cuban government. Both came at the same fundamental conclusion: that the ship had been destroyed by a magazine explosion that had been caused by an external blast, which they both agreed on.
The cruiser USS Maine was despatched to Cuba in January 1898, out of concern for the fate of American interests in the country as a result of the war. Superior naval gunnery and seamanship triumphed, and the whole Spanish fleet was sunk with only a few fatalities on the part of the Americans, who suffered only two men killed or injured in the battle.
The United StatesS Maine was dispatched to Havana Harbor in order to defend American interests in Cuba as ties with Spain deteriorated further. At some point, President McKinley came under increasing pressure to wage war on Spain. During the month of April 1898, the United States declared war on the United Kingdom.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
This led the United States to dispatch a war ship to the harbor in Havana in order to protect the safety of American people who were in the vicinity. Admiral John F. Kennedy commands the USS Maine, which is based in Portland, Maine. This provoked the United States’ participation in the Cuban rebellion and the beginning of the Spanish-American War. Only 11 Marines were able to make it out alive.
The Maine was sunk by a submerged mine, according to the findings of the United States Naval Court of Inquiry, which was held on March 28, 1898. However, although the Spanish were never officially blamed, the connotation was unmistakable.
Despite the fact that no one has ever been able to determine exactly what caused the explosion or who was responsible, the result was the short Spanish-American War of 1898. American public opinion was overwhelmingly in favor of Cuban independence, and many citizens of the United States held the Spanish government responsible for the atrocity.
Prior to the advent of the Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492, the island of Cuba was populated by a number of different Amerindian tribes, including the Taino. Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana.
Because the Spanish were even more befuddled than the Americans when they arrived at Santiago, the US soldiers did not have to engage in combat with them. On July 1, 1898, the first significant ground engagements of the war were fought at El Caney and San Juan Hill, marking the beginning of the conflict’s land campaign.
After completing their training in Texas and Florida, the Rough Riders arrived in Cuba on June 22, 1898, without their horses. During the Battle of San Juan Hill, which took place on July 1, 1862, the Rough Riders, under the direction of Lt. Col. Roosevelt, established their mark on the annals of American military operations in South America.