In 1898, the United States provided military assistance to Cuba in order to safeguard its inhabitants and enterprises. The Spanish-American War was the name given to this conflict. The United States declared war on Spain when the Maine, a United States battleship, exploded and sunk off the coast of Cuba on February 15, 1898, while on a visit to Havana.
For the purpose of averting the danger of the United States annexing Cuba, Congress approved the Teller Amendment, which said that the United States would assist the Cuban people in their struggle for independence from Spain but would not annex the island once they had achieved independence.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
The outcome was the 1898 Treaty of Paris, which was negotiated on terms advantageous to the United States and allowed it to retain temporary authority over Cuba while ceding ownership of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine islands to the Spanish-speaking nations.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
By the beginning of May, the Spanish-American War had officially begun. However, the emergence of yellow journalism contributed to the creation of an environment favorable to the onset of world warfare and the extension of American dominance abroad, but it did not cause the war in and of itself.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
The attack on the USS Maine, which took place on the 15th of February in 1898, marked the beginning of the war.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
The war between the United States and Spain was fought in Cuba and the Philippines in 1898. After less than three months, Cuba gained its “independence,” while the United States annexed Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines as part of its territorial expansion. In part, the effect of yellow journalism following the explosion and subsequent sinking of the USS Maine was responsible for the beginning of the movement.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
Terms in this set (24) thought that the frontier operated as a “safety valve,” diverting potential dissatisfaction from the United States of America. Cuba desired independence from Spain, prompting the United States, which had commercial interests and citizens in Cuba, to participate in the Spanish American War. Cuba gained its independence as a result of this conflict.
In what ways did the Spanish-American War affect the world? The United States ascended to the status of international power; Cuba obtained independence from Spain; and the United States seized control of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico from the Spanish government.