When it came to the Spanish-American War, the Philippines and Cuba were the two most important battlegrounds. At the heart of the conflict was the Battle of Manila Bay (May 1, 1898), in which US Commodore George Dewey destroyed the Spanish Pacific fleet, as well as the Battle of Santiago de Cuba (July 1898), in which US troops defeated the Spanish forces after fierce battle.
Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war. As a consequence of the conflict, the United States gained control of the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands.
The resulting fight was regarded as a “splendid little war” by John Hay, who would go on to become Secretary of State. When the first battle was fought on May 1, in Manila Bay, it was the Asiatic Squadron of Commodore George Dewey’s Asiatic Squadron that beat the Spanish naval force defending the Philippine Islands.
The Spanish-American War was a battle between the United States and Spain that began in 1898 and ended with the abolition of Spanish colonial control in the Americas and the acquisition of territory by the United States in the western Pacific and Latin America.
However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
Thousands of United States soldiers fought in the Cuban Revolution. Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted just a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace deal with the United States, granting the United States dominion of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
The cruiser USS Maine was despatched to Cuba in January 1898, out of concern for the fate of American interests in the country as a result of the war. Superior naval gunnery and seamanship triumphed, and the whole Spanish fleet was sunk with only a few fatalities on the part of the Americans, who suffered only two men killed or injured in the battle.
After being colonized by Spain since the 15th century, it became an American protectorate during the Spanish–American War of 1898. After being conquered by the United States, Cuba acquired nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
The conflict was fought by regular soldiers from the United States as well as state volunteers. Approximately 250,000 enlisted soldiers and 11,000 officers were called to duty during this conflict. New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Ohio were the states that provided the majority of the volunteer labor.
A total of around 10,000 Texans fought in the Spanish-American War. Soldiers in existing organized militia groups were permitted to volunteer for federal duty beginning in April 1898 by an act of Congress. According to this statute, state troops organized the First Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment, which embarked on a ship for Havana in late 1898 to defend the country.
During the Spanish-American War, the number of losses in battle was quite low. Only 379 troops from the United States died in action. During the Philippine Insurrection, more than 10 times that number (4,234) of people will be slaughtered. Aside from that, disease-related deaths, particularly typhoid fever, were quite common in both theaters of operation.