On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
The United States was forced to abandon Puerto Rico and Guam, liquidated its territories in the West Indies, and agreed to pay the Phillipines a sum of $20 million dollars, while Cuba gained independence from the United States.
Spain relinquishes control over Cuba and cedes the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States of America.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted just a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace deal with the United States, granting the United States dominion of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
After completing their training in Texas and Florida, the Rough Riders arrived in Cuba on June 22, 1898, without their horses. Once the Rough Riders had taken control of the hill, they resumed their assault, conquering the ridges that overlooked the city of Santiago. The American triumph resulted in the capitulation of the Spanish army two weeks later.
As part of the conditions of the Treaty of Paris, which formally concluded the Spanish-American War in 1898, the territories of Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico were admitted as colonies of the United States.
Spanish American War Photographic History, p. The Treaty of Paris, which was signed on December 10, 1898, brought the war to a close. A consequence of this is that Spain has lost authority over the remnants of its former foreign empire — which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Islands as well as Guam and other Pacific islands.
The cruiser USS Maine was despatched to Cuba in January 1898, out of concern for the fate of American interests in the country as a result of the war. Superior naval gunnery and seamanship triumphed, and the whole Spanish fleet was sunk with only a few fatalities on the part of the Americans, who suffered only two men killed or injured in the battle.
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. Photograph courtesy of the United States Naval Historical Center In response to the unexplained sinking of the United States battleship Maine in the Cuban port city of Havana on February 15, 1898, the United States government declared war on Spain two months later.
However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict. Secretary of State John Hay referred to their pursuit as a “splendid little battle.” They were successful.
The war between the United States and Spain was fought in Cuba and the Philippines in 1898. After less than three months, Cuba gained its “independence,” while the United States annexed Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines as part of its territorial expansion. In part, the effect of yellow journalism following the explosion and subsequent sinking of the USS Maine was responsible for the beginning of the movement.
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. Following the Spanish–American War, however, the Spanish were forced to evacuate from the island in 1898, and after three-and-a-half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba was granted its official independence from the United States in 1902.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the strategic importance of Puerto Rico for the United States was based on economic and military concerns. The island was valuable to policymakers in the United States because it served as an outlet for excess produced products and as a significant naval post in the Caribbean.