In 1896, General Weyler of Spain implemented the first wave of the Spanish “Reconcentracion Policy” that sent thousands of Cubans into concentration camps. Under Weyler’s policy, the rural population had eight days to move into designated camps located in fortified towns; any person who failed to obey was shot.
What were the Spanish ” reconcentration camps “? Spain’s governor in Cuba, General Weyler, herded hundreds of thousands of Cuban peasants into towns or camps policed by Spanish troops to keep them from providing supplies to the Nationalist forces. These camps lacked adequate food, housing and sanitation.
Actually, concentration camps , as we understand them, were created in the last decade of the nineteenth century in Cuba , and the model was replicated throughout the world as a means to control and exterminate a part of the population.
In Francoist Spain between 1936 and 1947, concentration camps were created and coordinated by the Servicio de Colonias Penitenciarias Militarizadas. The first concentration camp was created by Francisco Franco on July 20, 1936 and was located in the castle of El Hecho in Ceuta.
By the late 1800s, the Spanish were losing control of their colony, Cuba . Concerned about guerilla warfare in the countryside, they moved rural Cubans to ” reconcentration ” camps , or “reconcentrados” where the Spanish claimed they would be better able to protect them.
Answer: – the death of two hundred thousand within the Spanish forts. – struggle for freedom.
The United States received the Philippines and the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico. Cuba became independent, and Spain was awarded $20 million dollars for its losses.
From 1933 to 1945, Nazi Germany operated more than a thousand concentration camps on its own territory and in parts of German-occupied Europe. The first camps were established in March 1933 immediately after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.
Early Camps (1933–38) Many of these sites were called concentration camps . The term concentration camp refers to a camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy.
General Weyler of Spain
On March 28, 1939, the Republicans finally surrendered Madrid, bringing the Spanish Civil War to an end . Up to a million lives were lost in the conflict, the most devastating in Spanish history. Franco subsequently served as dictator of Spain until his death in 1975.
The number of persons killed in the Spanish Civil War can be only roughly estimated. Nationalist forces put the figure at 1,000,000, including not only those killed in battle but also the victims of bombardment, execution, and assassination. More recent estimates have been closer to 500,000 or less.
Finally, on April 17, 1961, the CIA launched what its leaders believed would be the definitive strike: a full-scale invasion of Cuba by 1,400 American-trained Cubans who had fled their homes when Castro took over.
On April 25, 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. As a result Spain lost its control over the remains of its overseas empire — Cuba , Puerto Rico, the Philippines Islands, Guam, and other islands.
When the USS Maine sank, the United States believed the tragedy was the result of Spanish sabotage and declared war on Spain . Although the United States promised it would not annex Cuba after victory, it did require Cuba to permit significant American intervention in Cuban affairs.