When the Spanish Conquest took place, Cuba was mainly populated by the Aruacos, tribes from the West Indies who belonged to the tupi-guarani language family (which grouped together ethnic groups covering the vast space between the Caribbean and Paraguay), who were known by the conquistadores and their descendents as “ tainos ”.
Ethnic groups: 51% mulatto , 37% white , 11% black , 1% Chinese (according to Cuban census data). Language: Spanish. Literacy: 95%.
Identity. Cubans are far more likely than other Hispanics to identify themselves as white when asked about their race. In the 2004 Census data, about 86% of Cubans said they were white , compared with 60% among Mexicans, 53% among other Central and South Americans and 50% among Puerto Ricans.
As sugar expanded to dominate the economy in Cuba , planters greatly expanded their importation of slaves from Africa. As a result, “between 1791 to 1805, 91,211 slaves entered the island through Havana”.
15 Famous Cuban -Americans Gloria Estefan Born in Havana, Estefan is arguably Cuba’s most famous singer. Jose Canseco The former Major League Baseball All Star’s family left Cuba for Miami when he was an infant. Desi Arnaz The I Love Lucy star was born in Cuba in 1917. Sammy Davis, Jr.
Cuba’s prevailing religion is Christianity, primarily Roman Catholicism, although in some instances it is profoundly modified and influenced through syncretism.
One of the main differences you’ll find between Cuban Spanish and general Latin American Spanish is the nasal accent and rhythmic intonation. This is the influence of African settlers on the language and makes it sound very different from most other Spanish varieties. Cuba has sixteen provinces in modern day.
In 1865 the African slave trade ended, although slavery was not abolished in Cuba until 1886 . Rural life in Cuba was patently patriarchal, especially on the plantations.
The Taíno were an Arawak people who were the indigenous people of the Caribbean and Florida. At the time of European contact in the late 15th century, they were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba , Jamaica, Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico.
In the 2012 Census of Cuba , 64.1% of the inhabitants self-identified as white. Based on genetic testing (2014) in Cuba , the average European, African and Native American ancestry in those auto-reporting to be white were 86%, 6.7%, and 7.8%. The majority of the European ancestry comes from Spain.
Historians believe the name Cuba comes from the Taíno language, however “its exact derivation [is] unknown”. The exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as ‘where fertile land is abundant’ (cubao), or ‘great place’ (coabana).
List of the most common Surnames in Cuba . Rodríguez – 301, 136. Pérez – 300,189. González – 262,311. Hernández – 215,593. García – 208,666. Martinez – 148,674. Fredrick – 136,364. Fernández – 134,470.