After first landing on an island then called Guanahani, Bahamas, on 12 October 1492, Christopher Columbus commanded his three ships: La Pinta, La Niña and the Santa María, discovering Cuba on 27 October 1492, and landing in the northeastern coast on 28 October.Capitaland largest city: Havana; 23°8′N 82°2Official languages: Spanish
Spanish colonization and rule (1492–1898) After first landing on an island then called Guanahani, Bahamas, on 12 October 1492, Christopher Columbus commanded his three ships: La Pinta, La Niña and the Santa María, discovering Cuba on 27 October 1492, and landed in northeastern coast on October 28.
The first people known to have inhabited Cuba was the Siboney , an Amerindian people. They were followed by another Amerindian people, the Taíno who were the main population both of Cuba and other islands in The Antilles when Christopher Columbus first sighted the island in 1492.
Cuba is a country of undeniable enchantment with its butter-soft balmy beaches, lush green countryside, and colorful colonial cities, which crawl with 1950s Cadillacs and overflow with the scent of rum and cigar smoke.
It was established in 1898, when the United States took control of Cuba from Spain following the Spanish–American War. The United States used Guantanamo Bay as a processing center for asylum-seekers and as a camp for HIV-positive refugees in the 1990s.
15 Famous Cuban -Americans Gloria Estefan Born in Havana, Estefan is arguably Cuba’s most famous singer. Jose Canseco The former Major League Baseball All Star’s family left Cuba for Miami when he was an infant. Desi Arnaz The I Love Lucy star was born in Cuba in 1917. Sammy Davis, Jr.
Ethnicity Categories Hispanic or Latino: A person of Cuban , Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race .
The Taíno were an Arawak people who were the indigenous people of the Caribbean and Florida. At the time of European contact in the late 15th century, they were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba , Jamaica, Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico.
Cuba has had a socialist political system since 1959 based on the “one state – one party” principle. Cuba is constitutionally defined as a Marxist–Leninist socialist state guided in part by the political ideas of Karl Marx, one of the fathers of historical materialism, Friedrich Engels and Vladimir Lenin.
The economy of Cuba is a largely planned economy dominated by state-run enterprises. In 2016 Cuba ranked 68th out of 182 countries, with a Human Development Index of 0.775, much higher than its GDP per capita rank (95th).
|Assumed office 10 October 2019|
|Prime Minister||Manuel Marrero|
|Vice President||Salvador Valdés Mesa|
|Leader||Raúl Castro (First Secretary of the Communist Party)|
In 1865 the African slave trade ended, although slavery was not abolished in Cuba until 1886 . Rural life in Cuba was patently patriarchal, especially on the plantations.
The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba , ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.
It was governed from Madrid much as it had been governed since it was first occupied and settled by the Spaniards in 1511 . Not that Cubans were as compliant in 1898 as they had been during most of the colonial period, especially when the other Spanish Americans severed their ties with the mother country in the 1820s .